Posts Tagged ‘Type 1 diabetes’
When it comes to diabetes Type one is not as common as Type two diabetes and it mostly affects people at a young age. It is found mostly in people below the age of forty and even more in people under the age of fourteen. There happen to be cases where it has been detected in people that have passed the age of forty but these are very rare cases. As you might have read before on this medical blog, Diabetes is a serious issue; type one is the worst. It is related to the shortage of insulin. What happens here is that the pancreas fails to function properly and thereby the amount of insulin required in maintaining the correct level in the blood is not produced. A lot of people who have type one diabetes will show symptoms of hyperglycemia.
Diabetes – Hyperglycemia
Hyperglycemia is where your glucose in the blood is too high. Meaning your blood sugar is too high. The common symptoms of hyperglycemia or diabetes type one is frequent hunger, frequent urinating, and frequent thirst. You will also experience blurred vision, fatigue, weight loss, your healing power will be low which means that it will take a long time for a wound to heal, dry mouth, dry or itchy skin. Your immune system weakens and you will be susceptible infection.
The reason why you are always hungry is because your body can not use glucose as an energy source. It is also, why you tire out easily. Since the body cannot absorb sugar or glucose into the blood cells you will release it through frequent trips to the bathroom. Since you make many trips a day to the bathroom, your body realizes that it is losing excess water and that’s why you will become thirsty. When it comes to the symptoms, you may experience them all together or it may take some time for your body to go through the process. Most likely though it will be gradual.
It has been believed to have originated from infections such as the mumps, rubella, measles, influenza, polio and a few other viruses. That’s why it happens to be quite common in young children due to the fact that those epidemics affect children more often than adults. Diabetes is also genetic. You may simply have the disorder because a family member has it.
General treatment for people with Diabetes
- Take the prescribed amount of insulin
- Consume a healthy, balanced diet, paying special attention to the amount of carbohydrates in each meal and the diabetes meal plan
- Monitor blood sugar levels several times a day
- Get regular physical activity
Among people suffering from diabetes it is safe to say that almost one third of them are not aware of it. Just like the symptoms of growing old, the symptoms also seem quite harmless. This diabetes blog post tells you about the different types and some of the general symptoms of each to help you comprehend it better.
In this blog post we go over the three main types .
- Type 1 Diabetes
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Gestational Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 is also called insulin-dependent and immune-mediated diabetes. It crops up when your body cannot generate insulin owing to the fact that the immune system attacks the insulin producing cells in the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes was previously known as juvenile diabetes and is usually seen in children and young adults. Type 1 diabetes amplifies the risk of a number of severe complications such as kidney damage, heart disease, blindness, and nerve damage.
The symptoms of Type 1 include increased thirst and urination, weight loss even with increased appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and fatigue.
Type 2 Diabetes
The most common type that fails to be diagnosed is Type 2 . Type 2 results in symptoms such as kidney and vision problems, skin infections, reduced healing. Sometimes even years and years of suffering from mild symptoms of the same, diabetes is not diagnosed.
The issue here is that more often than not people have no severe symptoms and do not seek medical attention whatsoever; people mostly end up blaming the symptoms on old age. It is for this reason extremely important to get tested on a regular basis once you have passed the age of 40 years.
Gestational diabetes happens to women during pregnancy. Pregnant women who have never suffered from this disease before but have high blood sugar levels during pregnancy are said to be susceptible to it. It affects almost four percent of all women during pregnancy. Many women that suffer from gestational diabetes believe that their symptoms are due to the pregnancy, it may as well be , but why take the chance.
The Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes include heightened thirst and urination, you end up losing weight inspite of having an increased appetite Weight loss in spite of increased appetite, Blurred vision Fatigue, Nausea and recurrent infections of the bladder and vagina. Regardless if you’re pregnant or not, getting yourself tested for gestational diabetes should be your top priority.
There were only 3 major types of diabetes known earlier listed as below:
Type 1 Diabetes – You produce no insulin at all.
Type 2 Diabetes – You don’t produce enough insulin, or your insulin is not working properly.
Gestational Diabetes – You develop diabetes just during your pregnancy.
Diabetes Types 1 & 2 are chronic medical conditions – this means that they are persistent and perpetual. Gestational Diabetes usually resolves itself after the birth of the child. Now a fourth sort of diabetes has been added to this list i.e. Pre-diabetes
Let’s check out all four types in detail.
1. Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease i.e. the person’s body has destroyed his/her own insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. It is actually failure of body to produce insulin. Insulin is the hormone that unlocks the cells of the body, allowing glucose to enter and fuel them. Having type 1 diabetes will increase your risk for many serious complications. People with Diabetes Type 1 are not able to produce insulin at all. Most patients with Diabetes Type 1 developed the condition before the age of 40. Approximately 15% of all people with diabetes have Type 1. Some issues of sort 1 diabetes include: coronary heart illness (cardiovascular disease), blindness (retinopathy), nerve damage (neuropathy), and kidney injury (nephropathy).
2. Type 2 Diabetes
A person with type 2 diabetes either does not produce enough insulin or suffers from ‘insulin resistance’. This means that the insulin is not working properly. So it results from insulin resistance (a condition during which the body fails to properly use insulin), mixed with relative insulin deficiency. The majority of people with Type 2 have developed the condition because they are overweight. Type 2 generally appears later on in life, compared to Type 1. Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes. Having type 2 diabetes will increase your danger for a lot of serious complications. Some problems of type 2 diabetes include: heart disease (cardiovascular disease), blindness (retinopathy), nerve harm (neuropathy), and kidney injury (nephropathy). Study extra about these issues and the way to cope with them.
3. Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes affects about 4% of all pregnant girls – about a hundred thirty five thousand instances within the United States every year. As a result of gestational diabetes can harm you and your child, it’s good to begin remedy quickly. Treatment for gestational diabetes goals to maintain blood glucose ranges equal to those of pregnant girls who do not have gestational diabetes. Therapy for gestational diabetes always contains particular meal plans and scheduled bodily activity. It could additionally embody every day blood glucose testing and insulin injections. You have to help from your doctor, nurse educator, and different members of your health care team in order that your treatment for gestational diabetes could be changed as needed.
For the mother-to-be, therapy for gestational diabetes helps decrease the risk of a cesarean section start that very massive infants could require. Sticking along with your therapy for gestational diabetes will provide you with a healthy being pregnant and beginning, and may help your child avoid future poor health. (see Diabetes Symptoms)
Pre-diabetes is a stage between normal and diabetes stage. It is an alarming sign for upcoming diabetes or a chance to change your future. Universally, numerous terms are given like, Borderline Diabetes, Chemical Diabetes, Touch of Diabetes etc. Pre-diabetes is a situation that happens when an individual’s blood glucose ranges are higher than regular however not excessive sufficient for a prognosis of sort 2 diabetes.
Sensor-augmented insulin pump therapy achieves significantly better glycemic control in patients with Type 1 diabetes than multiple insulin injections, show results from the STAR 3 study.
The Sensor-Augmented Pump Therapy for A1C Reduction (STAR) 3 study was set up to evaluate the use of a continuous glucose monitor combined with a glucose pump, compared with standard injection therapy in 485 Type 1 diabetics (329 adults, 156 children) with poor glycemic control over a period of 1 year.
Richard Bergenstal (International Diabetes Center at Park Nicollet, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA) and team report that at study completion, mean glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) – 8.3% in both groups at baseline – had decreased significantly to 7.5% in the insulin pump group versus 8.1% in the multiple injections group.
In addition, 27% of patients in the insulin pump group achieved their target HbA1c of below 7% compared with only 10% of the multiple injection group.
Rates of severe hypoglycemia were similar in both groups at 13.31 and 13.48 cases per 100 person-years, respectively, in the insulin pump and multiple injection groups. No significant weight gain was observed in either group.
In an accompanying editorial, Howard Wolpert (Joslin Diabetes Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA) commented: “The STAR 3 study and other randomized trials have shown that continuous glucose monitoring can take the management of Type 1 diabetes to a new level: improved glycemic control without an associated increase in hypoglycemia.”
He said: “The focus now has to move on to translating this evidence into effective practice so that the broader population of patients with Type 1 diabetes can realize these benefits.”